Human and Faunal Stable and Radiogenic Isotope Data from Four Bahraini and Three Jordanian Assemblages, c. 5300 BC to 1500 AD

by Huffer D.
doi:10.48530/isoarch.2021.003
Created on 2021-05-05
Keywords Stable isotopes; radiogenic isotopes; Bahrain, Jordan; Bronze Age; Iron Age; Late Roman Period; Islamic Period

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Abstract

This dataset presents carbon, nitrogen, oxygen (carbonates and phosphate) and strontium data from human and faunal remains from that portion of seven assemblages from Jordan and Bahrain currently curated at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History. Human remains from Bahraini assemblages include the Middle Islamic Period (c. 1,400-1,500 AD) cemetery associated with the Qal’at al-Bahrain fort (n=49) and the Early Dilmun City IIa-c Period (c. 2,350-1,800 BC) assemblages of Saar (n=31), Buri North (n=41) and Buri South (n=17). The Saar assemblage, at the time of sampling at the Smithsonian Institution, also included individuals recovered from isolated tombs outside the Saar moundfield, with distinct alphanumeric or name designations. The Buri assemblage also contained one individual labeled BE (Buri East). Assemblages from Jordan include Early Bronze Age IB (c. 3,550-3,150 BC) Bab-edh Dhra (91 individuals selected of a total MNI of 274), the Iron Age IA (c. 1,250-1,100 BC) assemblage from a commingled cave burial from the Ba’Qa Valley (n=63), and the Late Roman (c. 200-300 AD) assemblage from Zabayir Zahir edh-Diyab, also known as the Queen Alia International Airport assemblage (n=69). Not all individuals from whom a bone sample was taken had a suitable tooth to sample as well. A cumulative total of 13 faunal samples (bone and teeth; cattle and sheep) were also obtained from the Bahraini assemblages, all but two from the Bronze Age assemblages. Results in general are consistent with those from other assemblages from both locations regardless of time period, but they also complement and expand what is known about long-distance migration and dietary diversity and resilience across time within marginal desert environments.

Citation

Huffer, D. (2021). Human and Faunal Stable and Radiogenic Isotope Data from Three Bahraini and Three Jordanian Assemblages c. 5300 B.C. to 1500 AD [Data set]. IsoArcH. https://doi.org/10.48530/isoarch.2021.003

Publication

Huffer, D., 2021. Human and faunal stable and radiogenic isotope data from four Bahraini and three Jordanian assemblages c. 5300 B.C. to 1500 AD, Data in Brief 39, 107601